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The shortage comes at a time when couples are finding it MBT Shoes more difficult to give birth. Statistics released by the China Population Association at the end of 2012 showed that 40 million people have fertility issues, accounting for 12.5 percent of the population aged between 20 to 49. The ratio increased from 3 percent two decades ago. "Environmental pollution, unsafe food and mounting work pressures are all reducing the odds of a successful and healthy pregnancy," said Liu Xiaoqun, vice dean of the Hebei Research Institute for Family Planning. "Five years ago, around 10 patients with fertility problems would visit our clinic each day. Now it's up to 30," Liu said. The sperm shortage and growing MBT Sandals infertility rate have spurred human trafficking and illegal insemination in the underground market. Couples who resort to illegal artificial insemination risk getting venereal diseases, as donors are not subject to health checks. To ease the shortage, sperm banks across China have launched campaigns to show sperm donation in a better light and attract potential donors. On Sina Weibo, the Chinese equivalent of Twitter, there are accounts claiming to be registered with sperm banks, but they have yet to be verified by Sina as Cheap MBT Shoes officially representing the institutions. Some of the microblogs have links to the websites of local sperm banks and have posted messages warning of sperm shortages and encouraging people to donate. Followers of the microblogs range from dozens to several hundreds. However, the microblogs' impact, if any, remains to be seen. "Just like blood donation, giving sperm is a humanitarian and charitable deed," Zhao said, adding that engaging the public though an education campaign could be an effective way to ease the shortage. The central government may expand free treatment for HIV/AIDS patients in response to international calls for earlier and Discount MBT Shoes appropriate treatment, according to a senior official. Wu Zunyou, director of the National Center for AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases Control and Prevention, was speaking on Tuesday after the World Health Organization issued new HIV/AIDS treatment guidelines highlighting earlier antiretroviral therapy, or ART. It urged countries to initiate treatment among patients with a CD4 cell count — an indicator of the seriousness of an HIV-related illness —of below 500 cells per cubic millimeter. A patient at this stage usually still has a strong immune system. The previous recommendation, issued in 2010, was to start treatment at 350 CD4 cells/mm3 or below. "The top health authority is looking at offering earlier treatment to the infected, which would help people with HIV live longer, healthier lives and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others," Wu said. He said an assessment study is underway to evaluate the initiative, but did not give a timetable. Currently, infected pregnant women and couples, where one side tests positive for HIV, receive free medication regardless of their CD4 count. Wu said the MBT Shoes On Sale project will help the government decide whether to initiate earlier treatment nationwide. "We have to make sure of both the benefits and potential defects of the initiative before we carry it out in full on the mainland," he added. On the Chinese mainland, more than 170,000 people with HIV are on ART, according to the center's surveillance system. The current national recommendation is to offer ART for patients with 350 CD4 cells/mm3 or below. "With a 500 standard, we might have another 50,000 people eligible for free treatment, which would incur an additional cost of 300 million yuan ($48.8 million) each year for both examinations MBT Shoes Discount and medication," Wu said. But he stressed that the money would be well spent in light of international experience. Worldwide, about 90 percent of countries have adopted the 350 CD4 standard, according to the WHO. Others, including the European Union countries, Brazil and Argentina, have been offering ART at the 500 standard. In the United States, patients can receive treatment regardless of their CD4 count. Wu said that earlier treatment is expensive but leads to fewer HIV infections, opportunistic infections and deaths. "It's about paying now, or much more later," he said. Zhao Yan, deputy director of the national center's office of treatment and care, said China has already stated in its treatment guidelines that sufferers aged 65 and over, or with their CD4 count dropping fast, are eligible to receive ART at 500 CD4 cells/mm3 or below. "Such an initiative not only helps the infected but also MBT Shoes Clearance the public, as earlier treatment could reduce the HIV viral load of the sufferers and thus lower the possibility of further transmissions," she said.

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تاریخ انتشار : پنج شنبه 27 تير 1392 | نظرات ()
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